Slimy Salamanders Plethodon glutinosus complex
|Atlantic Coast Slimy|
|South Carolina Slimy|
A number of similar woodland salamanders are referred to as "Slimy Salamanders." These salamanders usually cannot be distinquished from one another except by laboratory inspection. They are generally medium to large, black salamanders. Most have numerous small white or brassy spots on the dorsum and sides. Like other woodland salamanders they are lungless. They respire through the skin and the lining of the mouth.
Slimy salamanders get their name from the sticky secretions from skin glands. When handled, these secretions will dry like glue on the hands. Other South Carolina salamanders, such as the Marbled Salamander (Ambystoma opacum) also secrete similar fluids.
Three species of "slimy salamanders" are listed as occurring in South Carolina. They are:
|White-Spotted Slimy Salamander Plethodon cylindraceus|
|Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander Plethodon chlorobryonis|
|South Carolina Slimy Salamander Plethodon variolatus|
The Southern Appalachian Salamander (Plethodon teyahalee) which is found in portions of northwest South Carolina is very similar to the slimy salamanders and is reported to interbreed with them.
February 25, 2007
Contact: South Carolina Reptiles and Amphibians